Probability was introduced as an acceptable euphemism for chance in the eighteenth century.
Chance is associated with gambling and other disreputable ideas. Some equated belief in chance with atheism.
Laplace If a single event is determined by chance, then indeterminism would be true, they say, and undermine the very possibility of certain knowledge. Some go to the extreme of saying that chance makes the state of the world totally independent of any earlier states, which is nonsense, but it shows how anxious they are about chance.