Citation for this page in APA citation style.           Close


Philosophers

Mortimer Adler
Rogers Albritton
Alexander of Aphrodisias
Samuel Alexander
William Alston
Anaximander
G.E.M.Anscombe
Anselm
Louise Antony
Thomas Aquinas
Aristotle
David Armstrong
Harald Atmanspacher
Robert Audi
Augustine
J.L.Austin
A.J.Ayer
Alexander Bain
Mark Balaguer
Jeffrey Barrett
William Belsham
Henri Bergson
George Berkeley
Isaiah Berlin
Richard J. Bernstein
Bernard Berofsky
Robert Bishop
Max Black
Susanne Bobzien
Emil du Bois-Reymond
Hilary Bok
Laurence BonJour
George Boole
Émile Boutroux
F.H.Bradley
C.D.Broad
Michael Burke
C.A.Campbell
Joseph Keim Campbell
Rudolf Carnap
Carneades
Ernst Cassirer
David Chalmers
Roderick Chisholm
Chrysippus
Cicero
Randolph Clarke
Samuel Clarke
Anthony Collins
Antonella Corradini
Diodorus Cronus
Jonathan Dancy
Donald Davidson
Mario De Caro
Democritus
Daniel Dennett
Jacques Derrida
René Descartes
Richard Double
Fred Dretske
John Dupré
John Earman
Laura Waddell Ekstrom
Epictetus
Epicurus
Herbert Feigl
John Martin Fischer
Owen Flanagan
Luciano Floridi
Philippa Foot
Alfred Fouilleé
Harry Frankfurt
Richard L. Franklin
Michael Frede
Gottlob Frege
Peter Geach
Edmund Gettier
Carl Ginet
Alvin Goldman
Gorgias
Nicholas St. John Green
H.Paul Grice
Ian Hacking
Ishtiyaque Haji
Stuart Hampshire
W.F.R.Hardie
Sam Harris
William Hasker
R.M.Hare
Georg W.F. Hegel
Martin Heidegger
Heraclitus
R.E.Hobart
Thomas Hobbes
David Hodgson
Shadsworth Hodgson
Baron d'Holbach
Ted Honderich
Pamela Huby
David Hume
Ferenc Huoranszki
William James
Lord Kames
Robert Kane
Immanuel Kant
Tomis Kapitan
Jaegwon Kim
William King
Hilary Kornblith
Christine Korsgaard
Saul Kripke
Andrea Lavazza
Keith Lehrer
Gottfried Leibniz
Leucippus
Michael Levin
George Henry Lewes
C.I.Lewis
David Lewis
Peter Lipton
C. Lloyd Morgan
John Locke
Michael Lockwood
E. Jonathan Lowe
John R. Lucas
Lucretius
Alasdair MacIntyre
Ruth Barcan Marcus
James Martineau
Storrs McCall
Hugh McCann
Colin McGinn
Michael McKenna
Brian McLaughlin
John McTaggart
Paul E. Meehl
Uwe Meixner
Alfred Mele
Trenton Merricks
John Stuart Mill
Dickinson Miller
G.E.Moore
Thomas Nagel
Friedrich Nietzsche
John Norton
P.H.Nowell-Smith
Robert Nozick
William of Ockham
Timothy O'Connor
Parmenides
David F. Pears
Charles Sanders Peirce
Derk Pereboom
Steven Pinker
Plato
Karl Popper
Porphyry
Huw Price
H.A.Prichard
Protagoras
Hilary Putnam
Willard van Orman Quine
Frank Ramsey
Ayn Rand
Michael Rea
Thomas Reid
Charles Renouvier
Nicholas Rescher
C.W.Rietdijk
Richard Rorty
Josiah Royce
Bertrand Russell
Paul Russell
Gilbert Ryle
Jean-Paul Sartre
Kenneth Sayre
T.M.Scanlon
Moritz Schlick
Arthur Schopenhauer
John Searle
Wilfrid Sellars
Alan Sidelle
Ted Sider
Henry Sidgwick
Walter Sinnott-Armstrong
J.J.C.Smart
Saul Smilansky
Michael Smith
Baruch Spinoza
L. Susan Stebbing
Isabelle Stengers
George F. Stout
Galen Strawson
Peter Strawson
Eleonore Stump
Francisco Suárez
Richard Taylor
Kevin Timpe
Mark Twain
Peter Unger
Peter van Inwagen
Manuel Vargas
John Venn
Kadri Vihvelin
Voltaire
G.H. von Wright
David Foster Wallace
R. Jay Wallace
W.G.Ward
Ted Warfield
Roy Weatherford
William Whewell
Alfred North Whitehead
David Widerker
David Wiggins
Bernard Williams
Timothy Williamson
Ludwig Wittgenstein
Susan Wolf

Scientists

Michael Arbib
Bernard Baars
Gregory Bateson
John S. Bell
Charles Bennett
Ludwig von Bertalanffy
Susan Blackmore
Margaret Boden
David Bohm
Niels Bohr
Ludwig Boltzmann
Emile Borel
Max Born
Satyendra Nath Bose
Walther Bothe
Hans Briegel
Leon Brillouin
Stephen Brush
Henry Thomas Buckle
S. H. Burbury
Donald Campbell
Anthony Cashmore
Eric Chaisson
Jean-Pierre Changeux
Arthur Holly Compton
John Conway
John Cramer
E. P. Culverwell
Charles Darwin
Terrence Deacon
Louis de Broglie
Max Delbrück
Abraham de Moivre
Paul Dirac
Hans Driesch
John Eccles
Arthur Stanley Eddington
Paul Ehrenfest
Albert Einstein
Hugh Everett, III
Franz Exner
Richard Feynman
R. A. Fisher
Joseph Fourier
Lila Gatlin
Michael Gazzaniga
GianCarlo Ghirardi
J. Willard Gibbs
Nicolas Gisin
Paul Glimcher
Thomas Gold
A.O.Gomes
Brian Goodwin
Joshua Greene
Jacques Hadamard
Patrick Haggard
Stuart Hameroff
Augustin Hamon
Sam Harris
Hyman Hartman
John-Dylan Haynes
Martin Heisenberg
Werner Heisenberg
John Herschel
Jesper Hoffmeyer
E. T. Jaynes
William Stanley Jevons
Roman Jakobson
Pascual Jordan
Ruth E. Kastner
Stuart Kauffman
Simon Kochen
Stephen Kosslyn
Ladislav Kovàč
Rolf Landauer
Alfred Landé
Pierre-Simon Laplace
David Layzer
Benjamin Libet
Seth Lloyd
Hendrik Lorentz
Josef Loschmidt
Ernst Mach
Donald MacKay
Henry Margenau
James Clerk Maxwell
Ernst Mayr
Ulrich Mohrhoff
Jacques Monod
Emmy Noether
Howard Pattee
Wolfgang Pauli
Massimo Pauri
Roger Penrose
Steven Pinker
Colin Pittendrigh
Max Planck
Susan Pockett
Henri Poincaré
Daniel Pollen
Ilya Prigogine
Hans Primas
Adolphe Quételet
Juan Roederer
Jerome Rothstein
David Ruelle
Erwin Schrödinger
Aaron Schurger
Claude Shannon
David Shiang
Herbert Simon
Dean Keith Simonton
B. F. Skinner
Roger Sperry
Henry Stapp
Tom Stonier
Antoine Suarez
Leo Szilard
William Thomson (Kelvin)
Peter Tse
Heinz von Foerster
John von Neumann
John B. Watson
Daniel Wegner
Steven Weinberg
Paul A. Weiss
John Wheeler
Wilhelm Wien
Norbert Wiener
Eugene Wigner
E. O. Wilson
H. Dieter Zeh
Ernst Zermelo
Wojciech Zurek

Presentations

Biosemiotics
Free Will
Mental Causation
James Symposium
 

Webliography
We list important websites on free will, values, and knowledge.

Online Papers on Free Will, compiled by David Chalmers (Australian National University)

Free Will Bibliography (David Chalmers and David Bourget)

Determinism and Freedom Philosophy Website (Ted Honderich)

The Garden of Forking Paths (Free Will/Moral Responsibility)

Wikipedia article on Free Will

Wikipedia article on Determinism

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article on Free Will (Timothy O'Connor)

SEP on Incompatibilist Free Will (Randolph Clarke)

SEP on Causal Determinism (Carl Hoefere)

SEP on Incompatibilism (Kadri Vihvelin)

SEP on Compatibilism (Michael McKenna)

SEP on Moral Responsibility (Andrew Eshleman)

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy article on Free Will (Kevin Timpe)

IEP on Moral Responsibility (Garrath Williams)

Bibliography
References

Adler, M.J., 1958. The idea of freedom; a dialectical examination of the conceptions of freedom, Garden City, N. Y.,: Doubleday.  

Adler, M.J., 1961. The idea of freedom; vol. II, Garden City, N. Y.,: Doubleday.  

Alberts, Bruce, et al. 2003: Molecular Biology of the Cell, 4th ed. New York, Garland Science, 2003.

Annas, J., 1992. Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind, Berkeley: University of California Press.

Anscombe, G. E. M. 1971: ‘Causality and Determination: an inaugural lecture.’ London: Cambridge University Press.

Aristotle. 1934: ‘Physics II.’ Cambridge, Mass.: Loeb Library 255, Harvard University Press.

Aristotle. 1935: ‘Metaphysics.’ Cambridge, Mass.: Loeb Library 271, Harvard University Press.

Augustine. 1935: ‘The City of God.’ Cambridge, Mass.: Loeb Library 287, Harvard University Press.

Augustine, St., Benjamin, A.S. & Hackstaff, L.H., 1964. On free choice of the will, Indianapolis,: Bobbs-Merrill.

Ayer, A.J., 1946. Language, truth, and logic., London,: V. Gollancz.  

Ayer, A.J., 1954. Philosophical Essays, New York, St. Martin’s Press.

Ayer, A.J., 1984. Freedom and morality and other essays, Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Clarendon Press ;.

Baer, J., J.C.Kaufman, and R.F.Baumeister., 2008. Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will, Oxford: Oxford University Press.  

Bailey, C., 1964. The Greek Atomists and Epicurus: A Study, New York: Russell & Russell.

Balaguer, Mark. 2004: ‘A Coherent, Naturalistic, and Plausible Formulation of Libertarian Free Will.’ Noûs, 38, 3, 379-406)

Balaguer, M., 2009. Free Will as an Open Scientific Problem, The MIT Press.

Baars, B.J., 1997. In the Theater of Consciousness: The Workspace of the Mind, New York: Oxford University Press.  

Baars, B.J., and Nicole M. Gage 2007: ‘Cognition, Brain, and Consciousness: Introduction to Cognitive Neuroscience.’ London: Academic Press.

Baumeister, Roy F. , Alfred Mele , and Kathleen Vohs , eds. 2010. Free will and consciousness, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bell, J. 1987. Speakable and unspeakable in quantum mechanics . Cambridge: CambridgeUniversity Press.

Bergson, H., 2001. Time and Free Will: An Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness, Mineola, N.Y: Dover Publications.  

Berlin, S.I., 1990. Four Essays on Liberty First Paperback Edition., Oxford University Press, USA.

Bernstein, M.H., 1992. Fatalism, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.  

Berofsky, B., 1971. Determinism., Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.  

Berofsky, B., 1966. Free Will and Determinism, Harpercollins College Div.  

Berofsky, B., 1988. Freedom from Necessity: The Metaphysical Basis of Responsibility, Routledge & Kegan Paul Books Ltd.  

Born, M., 1964. Natural Philosophy of Cause and Chance, New York: Dover Publications.  

Broad, C. D. 1934. Determinism, indeterminism, and libertarianism. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Campbell, C.A., 1967. In Defense of Free Will, Prometheus Books.  

Campbell, Joseph Keim , M. O’Rourke , and D. Shier , eds. 2004. Freedom and determinism. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Cassirer, Ernst. 1956: ‘Determinism and Indeterminism in Modern Physics.’ New Haven: Yale University Press.

Chisholm, Roderick. 1964: ‘Freedom and Action,’ reprinted in ‘Freedom and Determinism.” Keith Lehrer, ed., 1966 New York: Random House

Chomsky, N., 1971. Problems of Knowledge and Freedom 1st ed., New York: Pantheon Books.  

Cicero, 1951. De Natura Deorum, Cambridge, MA, Harvard. Loeb Library, H. Rackham, trans

Cicero. 2004: ‘De Fato.’ Cambridge, Mass.: Loeb Library 349, Harvard University Press

Clarke, R., 2003. Libertarian Accounts of Free Will, Oxford University Press, USA.  

Clarke, S. & Vailati, E., 1998. A demonstration of the being and attributes of God and other writings, Cambridge, U.K., Cambridge University Press.  

Compton, Arthur Holly. 1931: ‘The Uncertainty Principle and Free Will’. Science, 74, 1911.

Compton, Arthur Holly 1935: ‘The Freedom of Man.’ New Haven: Yale University Press

Compton, Arthur Holly 1967: ‘The Cosmos of Arthur Holly Compton’, chapter 8,‘Science and Man’s Freedom.’ New York: Knopf; originally published in The Atlantic Monthly, October 1957.

Conway, J. , and S. Kochen . 2006. “The free will theorem.” Foundations of. Physics 36(10): 1441–73.

Darwin, C. G. 1931: ‘Free Will as Involving Determinism’. Science, 73, 653.  

Davidson, M., 1937. Free Will or Determinism, London: Watts & Co.  

Davidson, M., 1942. The free will controversy,, London,: Watts.  

De Moivre, Abraham. 1756: ‘The Doctrine of Chances” London

Dennett, D.C., 1978. Brainstorms: Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology, The MIT Press.  

Dennett, D.C., 1985. Elbow Room, Oxford University Press.  

Dennett, D.C., 2004. Freedom Evolves, Penguin (Non-Classics).  

Dilman, İ., 1999. Free Will: An Historical and Philosophical Introduction, London: Routledge.  

Dirac, P.A.M., 2001. Lectures on Quantum Mechanics, Dover Publications.

Dobzhansky, T. G., 1956. The Biological Basis of Human Freedom, New York: Columbia University Press.  

Double, R., 1991. The Non-Reality of Free Will, New York: Oxford University Press.  

Doyle, Bob., 2009. “Free Will: it’s a normal biological property, not a gift or a mystery,” Nature, 459 (June 2009): 1052.

Doyle, Bob., 2010. “Jamesian Free Will,” William James Studies, Vol. 5, p. 1

Dudley, J., 2011. Aristotle’s Concept of Chance, SUNY Press.

Dworkin, G., 1970. Determinism, Free Will, and Moral Responsibility, Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice-Hall.  

Earman, John . 1986. A primer on determinism . Dordrecht, The Netherlands: D. Reidel.

Eccles, John . 1970. Facing reality . New York: Springer.

Eccles, J.C., 1994. How the Self Controls Its Brain 1st ed., Springer-Verlag Telos.  

Eddington, A.S., 2005. The Nature of the Physical World, Kessinger Publishing, LLC.  

Eddington, S.A., 2007. New Pathways In Science, Frazer Press.  

Eddington, S.A., 1939. The Philosophy of Physical Science : Tarner Lectures 1938, MacMillan Co.  

Edwards, Jonathan . 1969. Freedom of the will . Indianapolis, Ind.: Bobbs-Merrill.

Einstein, A. , B. Podolsky , and N. Rosen . 1935. “Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?” Physical Review 47: 777–80.

Ekstrom, L.W., 1999. Free Will: A Philosophical Study, Westview Press.  

Erasmus, D., 1961. Discourse on Free Will, New York: Ungar.  

Erasmus, D., Winter, E.F. & Luther, M., 2005. Discourse on free will, London ;: Continuum.  

Farrer, A.M., 1958. The freedom of the will, London: Adam & Charles Black.  

Feynman, R., 1994. The Character of Physical Law New Ed., Modern Library.  

Fischer, J.M., 1989. God, Foreknowledge, and Freedom, Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press.  

Fischer, J.M., 1994. The metaphysics of free will : an essay on control, Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell.

Fischer, J.M., 1995. “Libertarianism and Avoidability: A Reply to Widerker,” Faith and Philosophy 12: 122-25. 

Fischer, J.M., 2005. Free Will: Critical Concepts in Philosophy, London: Routledge.  

Fischer, J.M. & Ravizza, M., 1999. Responsibility and Control: A Theory of Moral Responsibility New Ed., Cambridge University Press.  

Fischer, J.M. et al., 2007. Four Views on Free Will, Wiley-Blackwell.

Flanagan, O., 2003. The Problem Of The Soul, Basic Books.

Foot, Philippa. 1957: ‘Free Will as Involving Determinism’. Philosophical Review, 76, pp. 439-50

Frank, J., 1945. Fate and freedom : a philosophy for free Americans, New York: Simon and Schuster.  

Franklin, R., 1969. Freewill and Determinism: A Study of Rival Concepts of Man, Routedge & Kegan Paul.  

Frankfurt, Harry . 1969. “Alternate possibilities and moral responsibility.” Journal ofPhilosophy 66: 829–39.

Frede, Michael. 2011. ‘A Free Will: Origins of the notion in ancient thought.’ U. of California Press.

Freeman, A., 2006. Radical Externalism: Honderich’s Theory of Consciousness Discussed, Imprint Academic.

Furley, D.J., 1967. Two Studies in the Greek Atomists: Study II, Aristotle and Epicurus on Voluntary Action, Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.

Gazzaniga, Michael . 2005. “Neuroscience and the law.” Scientific American Mind 16(1): 42–49.

Ginet, Carl . 1966. “Might we have no choice?” In Freedom and determinism , ed. Keith Lehrer , 87–104. New York: Random House.

Gisin, N. “Quantum nonlocality: How does nature do it?” Science 326: 1357–58.

Greene, Joshua and Jonathan Cohen. 1990: “For the law, neuroscience changes nothing and everything.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 359, 1776.

Hacking , Ian. 1990: ‘The Taming of Chance.’ Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hacking , Ian. 2006: ‘The Emergence of Probability.’ Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hadamard, J., 1945. An Essay on the Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field, Princeton: Princeton University Press.  

Haji, Ishtiyaque. 1998: ‘Moral Appraisability.’ Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hamon, A.F., 1899. The universal illusion of free will and criminal responsibility,, London,: The University press, limited.  

Hampshire, S., 1965. Freedom of the Individual, New York: Harper & Row.  

Hampshire, S., 1959. Thought and Action, London: Chatto and Windus.  

Hare, R.M., 1963. Freedom and reason., Oxford,: Clarendon Press.  

Hegel, G.W.F., 1967. Hegel’s Philosophy of Right, London: Oxford University Press.

Heidegger, M., 1962. Being and Time Revised., HarperCollins Publishers.

Heil, J. & Mele, A.R., 1993. Mental causation, Oxford, England: Clarendon.  

Heisenberg, Martin. 2009: ‘Is Free Will an Illusion?’ Nature, 459, pp. 164-5.

Heisenberg, Werner. 1972: Physics and Beyond: Encounters and Conversations. New York: Harper & Row.

Hobart, R. E. 1934: ‘Free Will as Involving Determination and Inconceivable Without It’. Mind, 43.

Hobbes, T., Bramhall, J. & Chappell, V.C., 1999. Hobbes and Bramhall on liberty and necessity, Cambridge, U.K. ;: Cambridge University Press.  

Hodgson, D., 1993. The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World, Oxford University Press, USA.  

Honderich, T., 1973. Essays on Freedom of Action, London: Routledge.  

Honderich, T., 1990a. Mind and brain, Oxford [England]: Clarendon Press.  

Honderich, T., 1990b. The consequences of determinism, Oxford [England]: Clarendon Press.  

Honderich, T., 2002. How Free Are You?: The Determinism Problem 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, USA.  

Honderich, T., 2004. On Consciousness, University of Pittsburgh Press.  

Honderich, T., 2005. On Determinism and Freedom, Edinburgh University Press..

Honderich, T., 2011. “Effects, Determinism, Neither Compatibilism Nor Incompatibilism, Consciousness,” in Kane 2nd ed. (2011)  

Hook, S., Determinism and Freedom in the Age of Modern Science, Collier-Macmillan.  

Hook, S., 1960. Dimensions of mind; a symposium., New York: New York University Press.  

Huby, P., 1967. “The First Discovery of the Freewill Problem”, Philosophy, 42, pp. 353-62

Hume, D., 1978. A Treatise of Human Nature 2nd ed., Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Hume, David. 1975: Enquiries concerning Human Understanding, Oxford, Clarendon Press,

James, William. 1880: “Great Men, Great Thoughts, and the Environment,” Atlantic Monthly 46 (October 1880): 441-459.

James, William. 1956: ‘The Will to Believe.’ New York: Dover Publications; original publication 1884: ‘The Dilemma of Determinism.’ Unitarian Review.

James, William. 2007: ‘The Principles of Psychology, vol.2.’ New York: Cosimo; original publication 1890: New York: Henry Holt.

James, W., 2010. The Heart of William James, Harvard University Press.

Kandel, Eric, James H. Schwarz, and Thomas M. Jessell. 2000: ‘Principles of Neuroscience.’ New York: McGraw-Hill.

Kane, R., 1985. Free Will and Values, SUNY.  

Kane, R., 1996. The Significance of Free Will, Oxford University Press.  

Kane, R., 1999: “Responsibility, Luck, and Chance,” Journal of Philosophy, 96, 5 p.225.

Kane, R., 2001. Free Will, Wiley-Blackwell.  

Kane, R., 2002. The Oxford Handbook of Free Will, Oxford University Press, USA.  

Kane, R., 2005. A Contemporary Introduction to Free Will, Oxford University Press, USA.  

Kane, R., 2011. The Oxford Handbook of Free Will, 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, USA.  

Kant, Immanuel. 1952: ‘Great Books of the Western World,’ vol.42. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica

Kirk, G.S., J.E.Raven, and M.Schofield. 1983: ‘The Presocratic Philosophers.’ Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lehrer, K., 1976. Freedom and Determinism, Prometheus Books.  

Knobe, Joshua , and Shaun Nichols . 2008. “An experimental philosophy manifesto.” In Experimental philosophy , ed. Shaun Nichols and Joshua Knobe , 1–23. New York:

Korsgaard, Christine. 1996, ‘The Sources of Normativity.’ Columbia University Press.

Koshland, Daniel E., Jr. 1980: ‘Bacterial Chemotaxis as a Model Behavioural System.’ New York: Raven Press.

Laplace, Pierre-Simon. 1995: ‘Philosophical essay on probabilities.’ Andrew I. Dale, translator, New York: Springer-Verlag.

Layzer, David. 1975: “The Arrow of Time,” Scientific American 233, 6 (1975) pp.56-69.

Layzer, D., 1991. Cosmogenesis: The Growth of Order in the Universe, Oxford University Press, USA.

Lehrer, Keith. ed. 1966. Freedom and determinism . New York: Random House. Oxford University Press.

Lestienne, R. & Neher, E.C., 1998. The Creative Power of Chance, University of Illinois Press.  

Levin, Michael . 2007. “Compatibilism and special relativity.” Journal of Philosophy 104: 433–63.

Libet, B. 1999: ‘Do We Have Free Will? ’ Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6, No. 8-9, pp. 47-57.

Libet, B. 2005. Mind Time, Harvard University Press.

Liddell, Henry George and Robert Scott. 1968: ‘A Greek-English Lexicon.’ Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Lipton, P. 2004. “Genetic and generic determinism: a new threat to free will?,” in The New Brain Sciences: Perils and Prospects, ed. D. Rees and S. Rose. Cambridge University Press, 2004, p. 89.

Locke, John., 1959: Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Book II, Chapter XXI, Of Power, sections 14-21 (New York, Dover, 1959), pp.319-324

Lockwood, M. 1989. Mind, brain and the quantum. Oxford: Blackwell.

Lockwood, M. 2005. The labyrinth of time . New York: Oxford University Press.

Long, A. A. 1986: Hellenistic Philosophy (Berkeley, U. California Press, 1986) p.149.

Long, A.A., and D. Sedley:1987. The Hellenistic Philosophers, Cambridge [England]: Cambridge University Press.

Long, A., 2000. Problems in Stoicism, Continuum.

Lucas, J.R., 1970. The Freedom of the Will, Oxford: Clarendon.  

Lucretius. 1982: ‘De Rerum Natura.’ Cambridge, Mass.: Loeb Library 181, Harvard University Press.

Mackay, D.M., 1967. Freedom of Action in a Mechanistic Universe, London: Cambridge U.P.  

Margenau, Henry. 1968: ‘Scientific Indeterminism and Human Freedom. Wimmer Lecture XX’ Latrobe, Pennsylvania.: The Archabbey Press

Margenau, Henry. and Lawrence LeShan. 1982: ‘Einstein’s Space and Van Gogh’s Sky.’ New York: Macmillan.

Mayr, Ernst., 1988 :Toward a New Philosophy of Biology, Cambridge, MA, Harvard Belknap Press.

McFee, G., 2000. Free Will, Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.  

McGinn, Colin. 1995: Problems in Philosophy: The Limits of Inquiry.’New York: Wiley-Blackwell

Mele, A.R., 1995. Autonomous Agents: From Self-Control to Autonomy, New york: Oxford University Press.  

Mele, A.R., 2006. Free Will and Luck, Oxford: Oxford University Press.  

Mele, A.R., 2010. Effective Intentions: The Power of Conscious Will Reprint., Oxford University Press, USA.

Mill, John Stuart. ‘A System of Logic.’

Moore, G. E. 1912. Ethics . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Morgenbesser, S., 1962. Free Will, Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice-Hall.  

Munn, A.M., 1960. Free-Will and Determinism, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.  

Murphy, Nancey , and Warren S. Brown . 2007. Did my neurons make me do it? Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nagel, T., 1979. Mortal questions, Cambridge [Eng.] ;: Cambridge University Press.  

Nagel, T., 1986. The view from nowhere, New York: Oxford University Press.  

Nahmias, Eddy. 2006. “Folk fears about freedom and responsibility: Determinism vs. reductionism.” Journal of Cognition and Culture 6(1–2): 215–37.

Nichols, Shaun . 2006. “Folk intuitions on free will.” Journal of Cognition and Culture 6(1–2): 57–86.

Nietzsche, Friedrich . 1999. Also sprach Zarathustra I–IV , ed. by G. Colli & M. Montinari .

Nozick, Robert. 1981: Philosophical Explanations. Cambridge: Harvard University Press

Nowell-Smith, P. 1948: ‘Freewill and Moral Responsibility.’ Mind, 57, pp. 45-61.

O’Connor, D., 1971a. Free Will, Anchor Books.  

O’Connor, T., 1995. Agents, Causes, and Events: Essays on Indeterminism and Free Will, Oxford University Press, USA.  

O’Connor, T., 2002. Persons and Causes: The Metaphysics of Free Will New Ed., Oxford University Press, USA.  

O’Hear, A, 2003. Minds and Persons, New York: Cambridge University Press.  

O’Keefe, T., 2005. Epicurus on Freedom, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Pears, D.F., 1965b. Freedom and the Will, London: Macmillan.  

Peirce, Charles Sanders. 1892. The Doctrine of Necessity Examined. The Monist, vol. 2, pp. 321-337

Peirce, Charles Sanders. 1893. The Monist, vol. 3, pp. 176-200.

Peirce, Charles Sanders. 1958. Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce,, vol VI.

Penrose, R., 1996. Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness, Oxford University Press, USA.  

Penrose, R., 2002. The Emperor’s New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics New Ed., Oxford University Press, USA.  

Pereboom, D., 1995. “Determinism al Dente,” Noûs 29.

Pereboom, D., 1997. Free Will, Hackett Publishing Company.  

Pereboom, D., 2001. Living Without Free Will, Cambridge, U.K: Cambridge University Press.  

Pink, T., 2004. Free Will: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press.  

Pink, T., 1996. The Psychology of Freedom, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  

Pinker, Steven. 1997: ‘How The Mind Works.’ New York: Norton.

Planck, M., 1981. Where Is Science Going?, Ox Bow Press.  

Poincare, H., 1952. Science and Hypothesis, Dover Publications.  

Poincare, H., 2003. Science and Method Dover Ed., Dover Publications.  

Poincare, H., 2001. The Value of Science: Essential Writings of Henri Poincare New Ed., Modern Library.  

Popper, K.R., 2002. Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge 5th ed., Routledge.  

Popper, K.R., 1972. Objective Knowledge: An Evolutionary Approach Rev Ed., Oxford University Press, USA.  

Popper, K.R. & Eccles, J.C., 1977. The Self and Its Brain, Springer.  

Popper, Karl., 1977b: Natural Selection and the Emergence of Mind, Cambridge, Darwin College, (lecture)

Porter, T.M., 1988. The Rise of Statistical Thinking, 1820-1900, Princeton University Press.

Rescher, Nicholas. 1995. ‘Luck.” Farrar Strauss, New York. 

Rescher, Nicholas. 2010. ‘Free Will: An Extensive Bibliography.’ Ontos Verlag

Russell, B., 1960. Our Knowledge of the External World, New York, Mentor.

Russell, B. 1936. Determinism and Physics,

Russell, P., 1995. Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume’s Way of Naturalizing Responsibility, New York: Oxford University Press.  

Rychlak, J.F., 1979. Discovering free will and personal responsibility, New York: Oxford University Press.  

Ryle, G., 1949. The Concept of Mind, New York: Barnes & Noble.  

Sambursky, S., 1988. Physics of the Stoics, Princeton Univ Pr.

Satinover, J., 2001. The Quantum Brain: The Search for Freedom and the Next Generation of Man, New York: J. Wiley.  

Scanlon, T. M. 1988. “The significance of choice.” In The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, ed. Sterling M. McMurrin , 1–35. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Schelling, F.W.J.V., 1936. Schelling: Of Human Freedom, Chicago: The Open court publishing company.  

Schlick, M., 2008. Problems Of Ethics, Nielsen Press.

Schopenhauer, A. & Kolenda, K., 1995. On the Freedom of the Will 2nd ed., Wiley-Blackwell.  

Schrodinger, E., 1992. What Is Life?: with “Mind and Matter” and “Autobiographical Sketches”, Cambridge University Press.  

Schwartz, S.P., 1977. Naming, necessity, and natural kinds, Ithaca [N.Y.]: Cornell University Press.  

Searle, J., 1986. Minds, Brains and Science, Harvard University Press.  

Searle, J.R., 2007. Freedom and Neurobiology: Reflections on Free Will, Language, and Political Power, New York: Columbia University Press.  

Searle, J.R., 1990. The Mystery of Consciousness 1st ed., New York Review Books.  

Sharples, R., 2007. Alexander of Aphrodisias On Fate, Duckworth Publishers.

Simon, Herbert A. 1981: ‘The Sciences of the Artificial.’ Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Simonton, D.K., 2004. Creativity in Science: Chance, Logic, Genius, and Zeitgeist, Cambridge University Press.

Skinner, B.F., 1971. Beyond Freedom and Dignity 1st ed., New York: Knopf.  

Skyrms, B., 1980. Causal necessity : a pragmatic investigation of the necessity of laws, New Haven: Yale University Press.  

Skyrms, B., 1984. Pragmatics and empiricism, New Haven: Yale University Press.  

Smart, J. J. C. 1961: ‘Free-Will, Praise and Blame’. Mind, 70, pp. 291–306.

Smart, J. J. C. and John Haldane. 2003: ‘Atheism and Theism.’ Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell

Smilansky, S., 2000. Free Will and Illusion, Oxford: Clarendon Press.  

Sobel, J.H., 1998. Puzzles for the Will: Fatalism, Newcomb and Samarra, Determinism and Omniscience, Toronto: U. of Toronto Press.  

Sorabji, R., 1980. Necessity, Cause, and Blame: Perspectives on Aristotle’s Theory, Ithaca, N.Y: Cornell University Press.  

Stapp, H.P., 2004. Mind, Matter and Quantum Mechanics 2nd ed., Berlin: Springer.  

Stebbing, L.S., 1937. Philosophy & the Physicists, Dover.  

Sternberg, E.J. 2010. ‘My Brains Made Me Do It.’ Prometheus Books

Strawson, Galen. 1986: ‘Freedom and Belief.’ Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Strawson, Galen. 1994: ‘The Impossibility of Moral Responsibility.’ Philosophical Studies, 75/1-2, 5-24.

Strawson, P. F., 1962. Freedom and resentment, and other essays, London: Methuen ;.  

Strawson, P. F., 1985. Skepticism and naturalism: some varieties, New York: Columbia University Press.  

Taylor, Christopher , and Daniel Dennett . 2002. “Who’s afraid of determinism.” In Kane 2002, 257–79. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Taylor, Richard . 1962. “Fatalism.” Philosophical Review 71(1): 56–66.

Taylor, R., 1963. Metaphysics, Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice-Hall.  

Taylor, R., 1973. Action and purpose, Humanities Press.  

Thorp, J., 1980. Free will : a defence against neurophysiological determinism, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.  

Timpe, K., 2008. Free Will: Sourcehood and Its Alternatives, Continuum.

Trusted, J., 1984. Free Will and Responsibility, Oxford: Oxford University Press.  

Van Inwagen, P., 1983. An essay on free will, Oxford: Clarendon Press.  

Van Inwagen, P., 2004: ‘Van Inwagen on Free Will.’ In Campbell 2004

Vannevar, A.H.., 1967. Cosmos of Arthur Holly Compton, Knopf.  

Vargas, Manuel. 2007. 2007. “Revisionism.” In Fischer et al. 2007

Vihvelin, Kadri. 2007. “Arguments for incompatibilism.” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/incompatibilism-arguments/

Vohs, K. D., & Schooler, J. W. (2008). The value of believing in free will, Psychological Science, Vol.19, No.1

Wallace, D.F., 2010. Fate, Time, and Language: An Essay on Free Will Reprint., Columbia University Press.

Waller, B.N., 1990. Freedom Without Responsibility, Philadelphia: Temple University Press.  

Waller, B.N., 1998. The natural selection of autonomy, Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press.  

Walter, H., 2001. Neurophilosophy of Free Will: From Libertarian Illusions to a Concept of Natural Autonomy, Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.  

Watson, Gary . 1975. “Free agency.” Journal of Philosophy 72: 205–20.

Watson, Gary. ed. 1982. Free will . New York: Oxford University Press.

Wegner, Daniel. 2002: The Illusion of Conscious Will. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Weiss, P., 1950. Man’s freedom, Yale University Press.  

Wheeler, J. A. , and W. H. Zurek , eds. 1983. Quantum theory and measurement . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Widerker, D. and M. McKenna., 2003. Moral Responsibility and Alternative Possibilities, Aldershot, Hants, England: Ashgate.  

Wiener, N., 1965. Cybernetics, Second Edition: or the Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine 2nd ed., The MIT Press.

Wiggins, David., 1973: “Towards a Reasonable Libertarianism,” Essays on Freedom of Action, ed. Ted Honderich, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Williams, B.A.O., 1981. Moral Luck: Philosophical Papers, 1973-1980, Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]: Cambridge University Press.  

Williams, C., 1980. Free Will and Determinism: A Dialogue, Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. Co.  

Wittgenstein, L., 1993. Philosophical Occasions, 1912-1951, Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Co.  

Wolf, S., 1993. Freedom within Reason, Oxford University Press.  

Free Will Anthologies

Some anthologies on free will, with contributing authors:

Hook, S. and New York University. (1958). Determinism and freedom in the age of modern science; a philosophical symposium. New York, New York University Press.
[Blanshard, Black, Barrett, Bridgman, Munitz, Landé, Sciama, Hart, Edwards, Hospers,Beardsley, Brandt, Chisholm, Ducasse, Hempel, Hintz, Hook, Lerner, E. Nagel, Northrop, Pap, Schultz, R. Taylor, Weiss, Wilson.]

Morgenbesser, S. and J. J. Walsh (1962). Free will. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
[Augustine, Aquinas, Scotus, Hobbes, Mill, Foot, R.Taylor, Sartre, Broad, Aristotle, Hart.]

Berofsky, B. (1966). Free will and determinism. New York,, Harper & Row.
[Hospers, Hook, Schlick, Hobart, Foot, Campbell. Broad, Mill, Sartre, Melden, Davidson, MacIntyre, Bradley, Augustine, R. Taylor, Austin, Nowell Smith, Chisholm, Campbell, Nowell Smith.]

Lehrer, K. (1966). Freedom and determinism. New York,, Random House.
[Chisholm, Danto, R.Taylor, Ginet, Sellars, Lehrer.]

Dworkin, G. (1970). Determinism, free will, and moral responsibility. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,, Prentice-Hall.
[Hume, Peirce, Nagel, Reid, Campbell, De Valla, Ginet, Moore, Thomas, Broad, Lehrer, Smart.]

Honderich, T. (1973). Essays on freedom of action. London, Boston,, Routledge and Kegan Paul.
[Warnock, Watling, Wiggins, Frankfurt, Kenny, Pears, Davidson, Dennett, Honderich.]

Watson, G. (1982). Free will. Oxford Oxfordshire ; New York, Oxford University Press.
[Ayer, Chisholm, Aune, Lehrer, van Inwagen, P. F. Strawson, Frankfurt, Watson, C.Taylor, Malcolm, T.Nagel.]

O’Connor, T. (1995). Agents, Causes, and Events: Essays on Indeterminism and Free Will. New York/Oxford , Oxford University Press.
[G.Strawson, T.Nagel, Dennett, Double, Ginet, Chisholm, Nozick, Kane, Rowe, O’Connor, Clarke, van Inwagen, Fischer, Ravizza.]

Pereboom, D. (1997). Free will. Indianapolis/Cambridge, Hackett Publishing
[Aristotle, Stoics, Lucretius,Augustine, Aquinas, Hume, Kant, Ayer, P. F. Strawson, Chisholm, Frankfurt, van Inwagen, Wolf, Fischer, Pereboom, Clarke.]
Ekstrom, L. W. (2001). Agency and responsibility : essays on the metaphysics of freedom. Boulder, Colo., Westview Press.

[Van Inwagen, Lewis, Fischer, Anscombe, Frankfurt, Watson, Bratman, Chisholm, Ekstrom, Kane, P. F. Strawson, Wolf, Widerker, Mele and Robb.]
Kane, R. (2002). The Oxford handbook of free will. Oxford ; New York, Oxford University Press.
[Kane, Zagzebski, Bernstein, Hodgson, Bishop, Kapitan, van Inwagen, Berofsky, Haji, Russell, C.Taylor and Dennett, Fischer, Ekstrom, Widerker, O’Connor, Clarke, Ginet, G. Strawson, Honderich, Pereboom, Smilansky, Double, Mele, Libet, Walter.]

Kane, R. (2002). Free will. Malden, MA, Blackwell Publishers.
[Skinner, Nielsen, Chisholm, Edwards, van Inwagen, Dennett, Fischer, Pereboom, Frankfurt, Wolf, Watson, O’Connor, Ginet, Kane, Hodgson, Augustine, Hasker.]

Watson, G. (2003). Free will. Oxford/New York, Oxford University Press.
[Chisholm, van Inwagen, Smart, P. F. Strawson, Wiggins, Lewis, Bok, Frankfurt, Widerker, Fischer, G. Strawson, T.Nagel, O’Connor, Clarke, Kane, Watson, Scanlon, Wolf, Pettit and Smith, Albritton, Wallace.]

Campbell, J. K., M. O’Rourke, and D Shier. (2004). Freedom and Determinism. MIT Press.
[Earman, Lehrer, Kane, Ginet, Nelkin, Haji, Long, Arpaly, Fischer, van Inwagen, Perry, Feldman, Gier, Kjellberg, Honderich.]



Chapter 7.1 - Conclusions Chapter 7.3 - Glossary
Part Six - Solutions Home
Normal | Teacher | Scholar