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Philosophers

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R.E.Hobart
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Uwe Meixner
Alfred Mele
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Dickinson Miller
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Thomas Nagel
Friedrich Nietzsche
John Norton
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Peter Tse
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Steven Weinberg
Paul A. Weiss
Norbert Wiener
Eugene Wigner
E. O. Wilson
H. Dieter Zeh
Ernst Zermelo
Wojciech Zurek
 
Free Will: The Scandal in Philosophy

Free Will: The Scandal in Philosophy was published June 19, 2011.

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480 pages, 40 figures, 15 sidebars, glossary, bibliography, index.

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You may click on a particular chapter below to get a PDF of just that chapter.

Contents Click to download chapter
Covers

Front Matter

About the Cover
What Philosophers Are Saying About Free Will
Why The Free Will Scandal Should Matter To You
Title Pages
Dedication
Table of Contents
List of Figures
List of Sidebars

Preface, xvii
1. Introduction, 1

How to Use this Book, 1; On Omniscience, Omnipotence, Benevolence, 5; About Information Philosophy and Physics, 8; Two Steps in Cosmic Information Creation, 12; Information and Predictability, 13

2. The Free Will Scandal, 14

A Knowledge Scandal, 15; A Moral Scandal?, 17

3. Freedom, 18

Hobart's Determination, 23

4. The Standard Argument Against Free Will, 26

Part One - The Determinism Objection, 28; Part Two - The Randomness Objection, 29; Examples of the Standard Argument, 30; What’s Wrong with the Standard Argument?, 46; The Standard Argument in Antiquity, 49; Summary, 53

5. Requirements for Libertarian Free Will, 54

Part One - The Randomness Requirement, 55; Part Two - The Determinism Requirement, 56; Part Three - The Responsibility Requirement, 56; Freedom, Will, and Moral Responsibility, 57

6. A Taxonomy of Free Will Positions, 58

Van Inwagen’s Incompatibilism Changes the Taxonomy, 60

7. The History of the Free Will Problem, 68

The PreSocratics, 70; Aristotle, 71; The Stoics, 74; Hellenistic Thinking, 75; Early Christians, 75; Classicists, 76-83; Scholastics, 83; The Renaissance, 84; The Rationalists, 84; The Empiricists, 85; Probabilists, 89; Kant, 90; Five Post-Kantian Shocks, 92; Evolution , 92; Thermodynamics, 92; Logic, 93; Quantum Mechanics, 93; Mathematics, 93; Determinists, 94; Libertarians, 94; Compatibilists, 94; Germans in the 19th century, 95; Rise of Statistical Thinking, 96; Quantum Indeterminacy, 102; Quantum Mysteries, 109; Free Will Specialists, 112; Experimental Philosophy, 128; Forking Paths, 130

8. Actual, Possible, Probable, 132

Actualism, Possibilism, Probabilism, 143

9. Determinisms, 144

The Determinisms, 146

10. Libertarianism, 152

11. Compatibilism, 156

Giving Compatibilists What They Say They Want, 158

12. Two-Stage Models of Free Will, 160

James, 161; Poincaré, 165; Hadamard, 165; Compton, 166; Adler, 167; Popper, 168; Margenau, 170; Dennett 171; Kane, 172; Long and Sedley, 176; Penrose, 177; Annas, 177; Mele, 178; Fischer, 179; Kosslyn, 181; Searle, 183; Heisenberg, 184

13. The Cogito Model, 186

Micro Mind 190; Macro Mind, 192; Six Critical Aspects Of Chance, 195; Temporal Sequence, 196; Doing Otherwise, 197; Second Thoughts, 199; Undetermined Liberties, 200; Free Thoughts, Willed Actions, 200; The Cogito Compared to Other Models, 201

14. Objections to Two-Stage Models 204

Daniel Dennett’s Objections, 205; Robert Kane’s Objections, 206; Richard Double’s Objections to Kane’s “dual rational control.”, 209; Alfred Mele’s Doubts about his own “Modest Libertarianism.”, 210; Randolph Clarke’s Objections to Dennett, Mele, Ekstrom, and Kane., 211; The Luck Objections of Thomas Nagel, Bernard Williams, and Alfred Mele, 216; Thomas Nagel, 217; Bernard Williams, 218; Alfred Mele, 219, How the Cogito Model Meets the Objections, 220

15. The Physics of Free Will, 222

Quantum Physics, 225; Special Relativity and the Block Universe, 225; Nonlocality and Entanglement, 228; The Free Will Theorem, 230; The Free Will Axiom, 231; The Contribution of Quantum Mechanics, 232

16. The Biology of Free Will, 234

Creativity in the Immune System, 236; Bacterial Chemotaxis, 237; An Error Detection and Correction System, 238; Neurotransmitter Release as a Noise Source, 238; Four Levels of Selection, 239

17. The Neuroscience of Free Will, 240

Libet’s Experiment, 241

18. Consciousness, 244

The Experience Recorder Reproducer (ERR), 245; Four Levels of Consciousness, 247

19. Moral Responsibility, 248

Peter Strawson Changed the Subject, 250; Are only Moral Decisions Free?, 251; Naturalism and Moral Responsibility, 252; The Fischer/Mele Hypothesis, 253; The Acquired Freedom of Self-Perfection, 253

20. Separability of Free Will and Moral Responsibility, 254

“Free” from “Will”, 256; “Moral” from “Responsibility.” 258; “Free Will” from “Moral Responsibility,” 259; SeparatePunishment, 260

21. Naturalism, 262

22. Creativity and Free Will, 274

Blind Variation and Selective Retention (BVSR), 276

23. Ted Honderich’s Determinism, 278

The Failure of Compatibilism and Incompatibilism, 280; Consequences of Determinism, 284; On Consciousness and Radical Externalism, 288; Consciousness as Existence, 290

24. Robert Kane’s Libertarianism, 294

Kane’s Libertarian Free Will Model, 297; Free Will and Values, 298; The Significance of Free Will, 303; A Contemporary Introduction to Free Will, 305; Four Views on Free Will, 310; The Cogito Model, 315; Kane’s SFAs, 316; Kane’s Businesswoman, 320; Kane in Barcelona, 320; Kane at Harvard, 322; The Oxford Handbook of Free Will, 323

25. Daniel Dennett’s Compatibilism, 324

Evolution as an Algorithmic Process, 329; How Quantum Indeterminism Might Matter?, 330; Laplace’s Demon, 331; Intelligent Designers, 331; Frankfurt Controllers, 332; Dennett’s Eavesdropper, 332; Creating New Memes, 333; Valerian Model, 333; Who’s Afraid of Indeterminism?, 334

26. Alfred Mele’s Modest Libertarianism, 336

Agnostic Autonomous Agents, 338; Modest Libertarianism, 338; Problem about Luck, 340; Modest Libertarianism (redux), 341; Mele’s Other Models for Free Will, 347; The Strawson/Fischer/Mele Hypothesis and Strawson/Doyle Hypothesis 350; Libet Experiments, 350; Big Questions in Free Will, 351

27. What If?, 352

What if Libertarians Had Accepted What Dan Dennett Gave To Them In 1978?, 353; It takes two - Cogito and Intelligo, 355; What If Kane and Dennett Had Done Otherwise?, 356

28. Comprehensive Compatibilism, 360

29. Ending The Scandal, 366

30. The Cosmic Creation Process, 374

Cosmic Creation and Free Will, 381; Information and Love, 383

31. Some Other Problems in Philosophy and Physics, 384

Some Philosophical Problems, 384, Some Physics Problems, 386

Glossary of Terms, 390

Bibliography, 430

Index, 448

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